The Modern Computer Science Degree

on Wednesday, March 23 @ 3:27pm

Coding Bootcamps and Computer Science degrees are popular routes for students to launch careers in software development. Coding bootcamps average 12 weeks in length, and teach practical skills like building web applications from scratch. They prepare students for a job as an entry-level web developer, intern, or freelancer. Computer science programs average 4 years in length, and teach a wide range of concepts in programming, algorithms, advanced math, statistics, and general electives which may not correlate with computer science.

Coding bootcamps and computer science programs are the two most prevalent ways to start a career as a software professional. But coding bootcamps lack computer science fundamentals, and computer science programs often lack practical experience, and are extreme commitments in time and expense. The gap between what you learn in a coding bootcamp and computer science degree is why we created the Software Engineering Track.

software-engineering-job-critical-skills

Bloc’s Software Engineering Track teaches practical skills and combines them with advanced computer science topics and open-source software development. It teaches you everything you need to be a professional software engineer, and leaves out everything you don’t. We know this because we built the program after consulting with companies like Google, Facebook, and Twitter. After consulting with top engineering teams, we developed this chart to represent the programming learning curve:

Programming-Learning-Curve

We believe that 2,000 hours of focused study and practice are essential for becoming a software engineer. This chart shows where you’ll be after graduating from a coding bootcamp — which is between 500 and 1,000 hours — but it doesn’t explicitly illustrate why our Software Engineering Track is more effective than a computer science degree. Let’s explore four reasons why Bloc’s Software Engineering Track prepares you for a career in software engineering more effectively than a computer science degree.

For more information on why coding bootcamps often fall short, [read this blog we wrote about the topic](NEED URL).

cost-and-time

Time is a Feature, When It’s Focused

A computer science program is four years worth of full-time study. This roughly totals to 6,000 learning and study hours. Thousands of those hours are unlikely to directly help you once you get a job though. A computer science program forces you to take electives, and advanced classes on artificial intelligence, history of computing, and theory that are not easily translatable to working as a professional software engineer. It’s not that these are bad things to learn – they may provide some useful life lessons – but they are not essential for becoming a software engineer. Bloc’s program includes 2,000 hours of learning and study hours, and every single hour is meaningful in becoming a software engineer.

Spending one year learning everything you need is a better use of time than spending four years learning many things you don’t. There’s plenty of time to learn new things in life, but when you’re paying to learn, the topics should be directly related to the outcome.

Avoid Life-Altering Debt

Computer science programs range in cost based on factors like residency, school, and financial status. A four year degree can easily reach into the six figures. For this reason, many students are forced to take out loans with interest rates between 4% and 6%. This is life-altering debt that will likely take years to pay off.

Bloc’s Software Engineering Track is not cheap — $24,000 is significant amount of money — but with reasonable payment options this amount should not be life-altering. In fact, financing as low as $750/month is available, which allows you to pay for the course after getting a job. Also, Bloc offers a tuition reimbursement guarantee that if you are not able to find a job as a software engineer with a starting salary of at least $60,000, you’ll be refunded in full. No computer science program offers such a promise.

At $24,000, Bloc’s program is a fraction of the cost of many computer science programs, and offers a tuition reimbursement guarantee on top of that. Your investment in Bloc is much smaller than it would be in a computer science program, and also much safer due to the reimbursement policy.

Return on Investment

ROI is a financial acronym that stands for “return on investment”. It explains what you’ll earn as a result of an investment. Not only is Bloc’s program a fraction of the cost of a computer science degree, but it also employs you faster. After one year, you’ll start earning a full-time salary as a software engineer. The return on your investment of $24,000 will be greater proportionally to that of an investment in a computer science degree, and it will also come quicker. The ROI you realize from a smaller investment and earning at a faster pace can have exponentially positive results over decades. But most importantly, you’ll also start a career doing meaningful work. Software is eating the world because it solves real problems. As a software engineer, you’ll be able to positively impact other people’s lives through software, and the value and satisfaction you realize will be incalculable.

mastery

Path to Mastery

No matter how great a computer science program, coding bootcamp, or our Software Engineering Track is, it will always pale in comparison to the experience you have working as a professional. The lessons you learn in a classroom setting will never match what you learn when you’re on the job. The apprenticeship model – which we employ in the Software Engineering Track – is an improvement over the classroom, as it provides training and lessons in a practical setting, but even it doesn’t match the effectiveness of learning on the job.

To become a master at something, you have to practice a lot, and you have to practice in realistic settings. There is nothing more realistic than practicing your skills when you are being paid to do so. In this respect, you want to be careful not to spend too much time in a classroom.

The final phase in the Software Engineering Track is an Open-Source Apprenticeship, where you work on open-source software with other professional engineers. In addition to learning through practical work, you’ll build a remarkable resume of open-source contributions. After the Open-Source Apprenticeship, you’ll get a job solving real problems for a real company four times faster than you would with a computer science degree.

For more of our thoughts on learning and mastery, [read about mastering software engineering](NEED URL).

Time, Money, ROI, and Learning

We aren’t so extreme in our views that we think computer science degrees should be abolished. They do serve a purpose for aspiring robotics and machine learning engineers, and they do many things well in general. But we feel strongly that they can be improved, and the Software Engineering Track is what we built to prove that. In a shorter period of time, with less of an investment, a safer investment, a faster return on your investment, and more effective learning, you will have a better outcome with the Software Engineering Track, and you’ll start the path to mastery sooner than you would by enrolling in a computer science program.

If you want to learn more about Bloc’s Software Engineering program and how it prepares you to land a job developing software, join us at an online info session. We’ll dive into the curriculum, what it’s like to be a Bloc student, and details about our 100% tuition refund guarantee.

More advice on changing careers

Lies, Damned Lies, and Statistics: Coding Bootcamps and the Authenticity of Placement Rates

Authenticity

We’ve never formalized our core values at Bloc, but if you surveyed our employees you would probably see authenticity in the top three most cited responses — followed closely by swag and Batman. We’ll focus on authenticity today.

Authenticity is a word that we use very specifically, and we don’t use it to mean the same thing as honesty or transparency. The easiest way I’ve found to articulate the difference is to explain it in the context of someone asking a question:

  • Honesty is truthfully answering the question someone asked.
  • Authenticity is truthfully answering the question someone intended to ask.
  • Transparency is a bulk CSV export of your data.

Here’s an example: when we raised our Series A investment last year, a few of my friends asked me if I was now a millionaire.

An honest answer would be yes. On paper, if we had hypothetically raised a round with a post-money valuation over $5M and I owned at least 20% of the company I would have 20% x $5M = $1M ownership in a privately valued company and could technically be considered a millionaire.

The authentic answer would be no, not even close. The question my friends intended to ask was “do you have a million dollars of liquid cash that you can spend to buy me a Tesla Model S?” And the answer to that question is decidedly “no”, unless Elon would accept Bloc equity as cash.

... And Statistics

The developer bootcamp industry has an obsession with something called “the placement rate number.” It’s meant to measure a program’s efficacy by quantifying the percentage of graduates who successfully start careers as developers.

Bloc is one of few programs that has never advertised a placement rate. Prospective students are eager to ask us for this statistic, and I don’t necessarily blame them given how appealing it is to use a simple benchmark to compare programs. We don’t publish a placement rate though, as we believe it would potentially conflict with our commitment to authenticity, not because we lack confidence in the efficacy of our program.

When a prospective student asks us “what is your placement rate?” we could honestly say anywhere between 0-100% depending on how we qualify our answer. We could, today, say that 99% of our students find jobs after they graduate from Bloc in a way that is both technically honest and legally defensible, but not authentic or ethical. It’s not very difficult to game that statistic.

splorks

99% of our “splorkdents” find “globs” within 90 days of “schmanuating”. – Credit: SMBC Comics.

The truly authentic answer has nothing to do with statistics though. The question our students intend to ask is closer to “Does your program work?” or more specifically “Will your program work for me?” We’ve found a better way to answer that question: our Software Engineering Track comes with a tuition reimbursement policy for students who are unable to find new careers in software development after graduating, and now our students don’t have to worry about landing on the wrong side of a program’s 90% placement rate.

When there are programs with less than 20 grads touting a 100% placement rate and dozens of hidden qualifications, that number devolves from a transparent industry benchmark to a disingenuous marketing prop. While we look for authentic and quantifiable ways to evaluate program quality, I’ll encourage students to dig deeper: ask about the curriculum, background and experience of instructors, tuition and opportunity costs, and the hidden qualifications of these placement rate numbers.

Lies, Damned Lies, and Statistics: Coding Bootcamps and the Authenticity of Placement Rates
Impostor Syndrome for n00bs

New coders, does this sound familiar? You’re finally getting the hang of programming. But then you overhear a conversation about a language you’ve never even heard of. Oh no! How could you call yourself a programmer if you’ve never even heard of Haskell? (How many programming languages are there?)

Easy, tiger. Impostor Syndrome is setting in hard. You feel like a fraud, even though your accomplishments show otherwise. Maybe you have successfully coded your first app but you feel like you’re pulling one over on the world by calling yourself a programmer. Or perhaps you enjoyed dabbling in Codecademy, but you could never actually make the switch to becoming a developer. Feeling this way is not only normal, it could actually be a signal of greatness.

Learning to program lends itself tragically well to Impostor Syndrome. There is so much to learn about programming, it’s impossible to be proficient in every aspect. Do you know how many people know everything there is to know about Ruby? Zero. Not a CS grad, not your smartest developer friend, not even the guy who created Ruby in the first place.

Rest easy, you’re not alone. No matter how experienced you are, you will always hear other developers talking about a new concept that you have never heard of. You may feel like you don’t belong in the conversation, but you do. Frame it as an opportunity to learn and become a better developer, and remember, everyone feels this way.

I can’t think of a group more prone to feeling this way than bootcamp students. The beauty of programming bootcamps is that they allow people with little to no programming experience enter and succeed in the field. Thus, if you called yourself a developer before you enrolled, you really would be an impostor.

At the most recent Bloc Career Talk, Bloc students shared their experiences with impostor syndrome. Hillary, a student in the Rails course, shares her experience:

I started as a technical analyst at a company that created a proprietary application that worked alongside SharePoint. For the first few months I imagined myself getting fired daily. Six months after starting I was promoted, and three months after that I was promoted again to a managerial position.

Hillary says she’s feeling impostor syndrome all over again as she sets out to land her first developer position, despite crushing her course and having four completed projects under her belt (way to go, Hillary!).

Okay, so there’s a name for this rotten feeling. Now what? As with many struggles, your first step is to recognize the issue. It’s only overwhelming and soul-crushing if you believe you’re the outsider. Think you really are the only person that feels this way? Try voicing your misgivings about your developer skills to a community of developers—I’d bet a lot of 1’s and 0’s that you’ll hear many others feel the same.

Once you realize that it’s a common struggle among beginners in any subject, the problem shifts from an internal judgment of yourself (“I’m just not a programmer”) to an opportunity to expand your skillset (“I have a lot that I can continue to learn”). The key to persisting through this forest of self-doubt, hopelessness, and anxiety is to accept what you don’t know, and challenge yourself to master it.

Then you can focus on progressing in your work to prove to yourself that you’re no impostor. If you’re facing an overwhelming problem, which is likely what led to all those “impostory” feelings in the first place, break it into tiny steps. Whether this is fixing a bug, writing an app, or getting to the end of your foundations, it will feel more manageable if you break the problem into pieces and celebrate the small wins.

At Bloc, students can connect and commiserate with fellow students on this topic and others in our Student Slack Community. During our Career Talks, students also get to fire their burning career switch questions at our captive Director of Student Outcomes, Courtland Alves.

This blog post is based on the recently hosted Bloc Career Talk covering Impostor Syndrome. Career Talks are bi-weekly seminars that facilitate discussion among Bloc students about the career search process.

Note: I struggled the entire way while writing this. Who am I to think I’m a writer? #impostorsyndrome

Impostor Syndrome for n00bs